THE FIRST WORLD WAR

THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND OTHER CONFLICTS

St. Joseph's, Skerton

Remembrance Sunday 1994

Blessing of

the WWII and later conflicts Memorial

13th November 1994

"... if I should walk in the valley of darkness

no evil would I fear You are there with your crook and your staff.

(psalm 22)

NOTES ON THE MEMORIAL

The second Wpr;d War memorial was unveiled on 13 November 1994. The Form of the Memorial incorporates elements found in the Pugin Styled Church, the First World War Memorial, and the Seventh Station of the Cross flanking it. The association of the memorial with the stations of the cross reminds us that those commemorated suffered the loss of life for others as did Our Lord.

The Cross surmounts the English oak frame of the. highest quality, made by a loca~ craftsman, Mr Tom Kelsall of Slyne. It encioses a brass panel, under a wooden arch carved with poppies, copied from those growing at Slyne. and representing sacrifice. The use of English oak and local poppies reminds us that the men who died lived in the locality,

A Dove of Peace holding an Olive Branch is engraved at the head of the brass plate. The Dove is

face forward with wings outstretched, to symbolise Our Lord, the Prince of Peace sacrificing Himself for us on the cross.

The Plaque was made by the craftsmen who maintain the plaques in the regimental chapel at the Priory Church.

ST JOSEPH'S AT WAR

PAROCHIAL RESPONSES IN TROUBLED TIMES

St Joseph's Book of Honour, joins the other Memorials in the Church as a tribute to those who died during the war-torn Twentieth Century. The church building itself is a Memorial to Margaret Coulston ( died 1909), who founded the chapel cum school in 1896, and built the present church in 1901. Relics of the chapel are found on the Lady Altar and statuary surrounding it and Margaret Coulston's tomb lies at the church entrance. . Throughout the history of the church, the Priest kept a record of daily events as they occurred in the Parish, and also of Mass Intentions by the pious for those whom they had loved and lost. Reading these notes gives a flavour of how the Parish reacted and what life was like during the war years for an active Christian community in Northern England. .

On the Fourth Sunday of advent, 1914, a Special Collection was held at all Masses for the Belgian Fund, as refugees from German invasion fled across the north sea. Mass intentions and prayers, were requested for people living outside the Parish, by friends or relatives. The first of these is a James Brown, killed in action on the 24th of February, 1915, aged 24 years apparently not resident in the Parish. Following the deaths of several parishioners in the war, the Women's Compact, held a Requiem Mass for soldiers, especially of this District on the first Sunday of Advent 1917. A Memorial Service for all the war dead of the Parish was eventually held on 11 November 1928, when a Memorial Tablet at the West end of the Lady Chapel was unveiled by Father Prescott, who includes a note to wear his medals, for he had been a military chaplain during the war, and numbered his brother among the war dead. The Parish dead included Harold Atkinson 27 May 1918, Alfred Bleasdale 22 November 1918, Richard E Bolton 8 August 1918, William Brown 6 May 1917, James Cathcart 5 April 1915 and his brother George Cathcart, 23 April 1915, Joseph Connerton 30 November 1917, Robert Geddes 9 December 1916, Leo Hartley 31 July 1917, Joseph M Herman 8 May 1915, Cyril Holden 1 October 1917, John Huntington 1 September 1918, William Mathews 3 June 1916, William Muckle 28 September 1918, Thomas Mullen 28 March 1918, Patrick Murphy, 5 November 1919, Albert Nicholson 19 September 1920, John Noon, 28 September 1918, Frederick Parkinson 23 March 1918, William Pettit, 20, September 1917, Thomas Slater 23, April 1915, Ernest F D Turney 19, November 1920, Thomas Walmesley 12 May 1917. When this Memorial was cleaned in 1996, the soot of hundreds of votive candles was cleaned away. Many hours of prayer had been spent at this shrine to the war dead of the Parish. Nothing more is heard of concerning the memorial, except for Mass Intentions over the years, until a note on 4 November 1934:

Next Sunday Armistice Day, 2 Minutes silence prompt at 11.0 am, followed by the Mass which will be said for the soldiers and sailors of this Parish killed in the war. Cenotaph service forbidden to Catholics - mortal sin to take part in a non-Catholic service.

11 November 11.0 am Two Minutes Silence. 11.02, parade of Scouts guides and Ex-Servicemen to War memorial. Roll Call, De Profundis. Mass will follow for the dead of the Parish.

The following year, Armistice Day, at 11.00 am on 10 November 1935, a Mass was held for those who died in the war, parishioners were requested to come early and not disrupt the two minutes silence. In March 1937, a Spanish refugee Priest lectured in the Ashton Hall on the plight of the Basque people during the Spanish Civil War, and parishioners were invited to attend and take their Protestant friends. On the 11th July 1937, Catholic ex-service members of the British Legion were invited to attend a service at the St Peter's Cathedral, preparations were being made for World War Two. The same year on 18 July, Richard Manley and Elizabeth Alston were married, she became a war widow on 11th October 1941, and he the third parishioner to die in World war Two. A collection was held for Basque children, victims of the Spanish Civil war, after the two minutes silence and requiem Mass on Thursday 7 November 1937.

In 1939, no mention is made of an Armistice Day service. On 3 September a Mass was said for Peace or Victory, children were urged to bring their gas masks to school, and parishioners were urged to buy blackout materials to enable social functions to continue in the Parish Hall.

In 1940 as rationing tightened owing to the submarine threat to British shipping, Lenten prayers were for, a just and honourable peace, and a dispensation was granted concerning Lenten fasting and abstinence. A special collection was taken to buy coke for church heating owing to the rising price of fuel. On Palm Sunday 1940, ladies offering to help in St Joseph's Hall in case of air raids, were asked to meet in the Priory Hall, Lancaster, and on St George of England's Feast Day prayers for a just and honourable peace were offered and all the Masses during May were to be offered for that intention, as British and allied forces retreated from Dunkirk. Father Prescott, with memories of WW1, wrote emotively of, our men dying in thousands.. Plans for the billeting of refugee children were afoot in June 1940 and parishioners were advised to register for Catholic children, the alternative being compulsion to harbour non-Catholic children under a Catholic roof. The military were welcomed when the Parish Hall hosted the King's Own Royal Regiment's dance band at a function on 16 October 1940.

As the allies invaded Italy in 1943, prayers were asked for the safety of the Pope, and Parishioners died at Anzio and Monte Cassino. Armistice day 1943, included a sung Requiem for the fallen of the war, and Midnight Mass at Christmas was poorly lit owing to strict enforcement of lighting restrictions, unfortunately the Parish raffle had to be abandoned when it failed to get police approval.

On 30 January 1944, children of the Parish requested a Mass for sailors, soldiers and airmen, and at the Feast of the Purification, candles could not be distributed to children owing to a shortage. On 6 February 1944 a Mass was requested for the safety of prisoners in Japanese hands. Parishioner Francis Dawes, was thought to be among these, but unknown to his family he had been shot shortly after the surrender of Singapore, according to a witness. On 27 February, Mass was to be said every day for the week on behalf of War Victims. A Mass was said on 5 March for James Prickett, who died serving at Anzio, and on 16 April, Kenneth Keenan, killed in action at Monte Cassino, and newly married pilot Marion Lis, Polish Air force, who married parishioner Margaret Keenan, when she was serving with the Women's Land Army in Shropshire. They married at St Joseph's only months before he was killed. Costs of altar requirements, candles incense, altar breads, tapes, oil etc, continued to rise and put further strain on Parish funds. On 14 May a Novena to the Holy Ghost began, and parishioners were asked to pray for guidance in the big battles to come, probably in reference to the coming invasion of Europe (Operation Overlord). The emergence of the statue to the Infant Jesus of Prague is signalled by a Mass intention for this purpose on 21 May. This is evidence of the growing number of European immigrants living in the parish, some of whom were accommodated at the Halton Mills. With the liberation of Rome on 4th June 1944, English Bishops began to openly support the war effort with prayers for the success of our armies on 11 June, and Cadets (possibly Air Cadets) held a dance in the Parish Hall. One of these young men, Phillip James Duffy died in the Pacific Ocean on 7 February 1946 whilst serving in the Fleet Air Arm. Mass intentions and anniversaries in the coming months name Alexander Paul Montgomery (died of wounds at Alamein, 13 August 1942); James Doran (died 25 August 1941, Iraq) Kenneth Keenan, Archibald Lees (died 10 September, training in Scotland); and Ronald Smith (HMS Enterprise, died of wounds at Glasgow 12 September 1943). In July 1944, a wave of evacuees from Ilford, Essex, arrived to escape German V2 rockets, and parishioners were asked to give refuge to Catholic children. As the Russians entered Poland, the Hierarchy expressed disquiet on 10 September 1944 requesting prayers for Poland in her present anxious position. Two other men were reported dead, Thomas Lavery in Burma, and Bernard Bleasdale killed in action. On 12 November Mass was said for George Kennedy, a former soldier and a merchant seaman sailing from Lancaster on the MV Maurita, sunk by a mine in the Dee estuary. The men's club was formally re-opened on 5 November with the addition of a stove for greater comfort in anticipation of the return of those serving in the armed forces. A Novena to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Queen of Poland to shorten the suffering of the people of Poland took place between 26 November and 7 December. The year 1944 ended with the stand down parade of the Home Guard on 3 December, when they met at their Phoenix Street headquarters, and the Catholic contingent forming the rear of the parade, marched to St Peter's Cathedral, where they were addressed by Father Page CJ, and later joined the official parade outside the C of E Lancaster Parish Church.

On 25 February 1945 a mass was said for an allied victory, and on 1 April a Bishop's letter regarding the war situation was read (Ad Cleram 3) William Hicks died of wounds in the Netherlands on 29 March 1945 and was remembered on 8 April. On 29 April a Father Richardson, killed in action is noted, but his relationship with the parish is not known. The war in Europe ended on the 9th of May 1945, and a Mass intention dated 13 May gives thanks giving for peace in Europe, followed by notice that, on Friday of Whit week there will be a concert of mirth music and magic. Also the Bishops formed a Catholic Europe reconstruction Fund to help repair damaged Catholic churches etc abroad. The war in the Far East against Imperial Japan, however, continued. Rejoicing was tempered by tragedy as St Joseph's parishioners continued to die. On 10 June, Mass was said for Thomas Finnerty (died 12 June 1944, Normandy), his newly married wife lived in Longlands Road, and a Lancaster Catholic VE ball was held jointly by St Joseph's, St Peter's and St Thomas More Parishes. 1 July, Mass for James Lambert, lost at sea, and Samuel Helme drowned on active service in Germany. On 5 August a special collection was taken for the Apostleship of the sea, in thanksgiving for the services of the Royal and Merchant navies, and on 19 August was a day of thanksgiving with a solemn votive Mass of thanksgiving at 11 am. On 2 September, Lancaster welcomed eighty Catholic children aged eight to fourteen years, sent here for a rest cure, and parishioners were again invited to be hosts. On 9 September notice was given of a Victory Whist Drive and dance to take place in the Parish Hall on Friday 5 October, and on 16 September the record notes Our own VJ Ball, will be held on Friday 5 October. On 30 September a Private Intention is noted for Wood-Scawen (sic), (Gerald E F Woods-Scawen, RAFVR spitfire pilot, killed in Holland 3 October 1941), who's aunt, Mrs Pegg of Slyne Road, was probably the donor. 14 October, Sergeant Edward Hornby, lately dead, reported died as a Prisoner of War in the Far East. Japanese treatment of Allied Prisoners of War is considered by many, as inhuman and many ex-prisoners never forgave them. On 4 November it was announced the next Sunday (11 November), will be a Requiem Mass for those who died as a result of war, and Banns were announced between Thaddus Edelmann, Polish Air Force stationed in Morecambe, and Margaret Lis (nee Keegan) of 40 Vale Road, Lancaster. She married her former husband's best friend. The war was over, and a new life offered new opportunities, which many sought in the English speaking Commonwealth.

On 17 Feb 1946, Phillip Duffy was presumed killed, and on 12 May Mass was said for those who fell in the Far East (Richard Kernick, Indian Ocean 20 March 1943, John Francis Holt, HMS Repulse, Malaya 10 December 1941, Francis Dawes, Singapore, 15, February, 1942). In 1947, no mention is made of Armistice day on 11 November, and celebration became irregular, taking place at St Joseph's in the years 1949, 1952, 1956, although Remembrance services have been regularily held since the unveiling of the Second World war and Other conflicts Memorial in 1996 to date (2005). Another parishioner fell in Aden on 30 April 1967, lately dead, Christopher Bilewicz, and on Thursday 7.30am and 7pm, a requiem Mass for Christopher Bilewicz, aged 18, who had recently been an altar server at St Joseph's. A memorial was erected to him in the church porch, donated by his parents and Regiment, the King's Own Royal Border Regiment. Prayers were asked for him on 30 April 1972. In November 1973, notice is given of a Memorial service at Hest Bank Memorial Hall, and again in 1975. Notice Books records end on 24 November 1985, to be replaced by a weekly circulation Newsletter. On 7 January 1996, prayers were requested for Mark Maxwell who died in Sarajevo, Bosnia 24 December, 1995. The coroner recorded an open verdict, and his funeral Mass took place at St Joseph's on 10 January 1996.

In 2004, ninety years after the start of the war to end all wars, young men from the parish continue in active service with the armed forces in many parts of the world. God grant them a safe return.

ST JOSEPH'S SKERTON

Selection Criteria.

Following the precedent set by the First World War Memorial, those listed here are recognised as 'Military Casualties' by The Royal British Legion, the Armed Forces, Commonwealth War Graves Commission (1939-1947), and The Department of Transport, for merchant seamen who died as a result of 'Enemy Action'.

Acknowledgements. Biographical details have been collected from friends and relatives, the local press, The Commonwealth 'War Graves Commission, military museums and ex-service associations. Books consulted on the military aspects are cited in the Bibliography. My thanks are due to all who have contributed in any way, especially Mr. Kelsall whose expertise and knowledge of his craft is shown in the very high quality of his work. Also The Royal British Legion, Preston and District Ex-Service Council, The Royal Naval Association, The Royal Air Force Association, The Royal Artillery Association (Preston), The King's Own Royal Border Regiment Association (Preston) and Museun (Lancaster), Maritime Museum (Lancaster), Mrs. S. Fegan, Mr. G. Tyson and Mr. A. Gardner. Lastly, Father Philip Smith whose questioning initiated this long overdue project, and whose enthusiasm and patient attention to detail has kept me on my toes, to ensure rigorous standards have been achieved; and Father Anthony Quinn for encouraging us to achieve the very highest standards of research scholarship and workmanship possible. These 'Notes' have been prepared by Norman Gardner. Every effort has been made to ensure their accuracy, but additional information will be welcomed.Copyright is entirely reserved to Saint Joseph's Church, Skerton, Lancaster. No reproduction of this work in any form may be made without permission of The Clergy at Saint Joseph's Church, Slyne Road, Skerton, Lancaster. Iconography. The Form of the Memorial incorporates elements found in the Pugin Styled Church, First World War Memorial, and the Sixth Station of the Cross flanking it. The Cross surmounts the three feet six inches high by two feet wide oak frame, enclosing a two feet high brass panel engraved in black; under a wooden arch carved with poppies, copied from those growing at Slyne representing sacrifice and the space between earth and Heaven. A Dove of Peace holding an Olive Branch is engraved at the head of the brass plate within the wooden arch over the Text Panel. Letters are engraved in black Times Roman Capitals one quarter of an inch high, except for the half inch high Heading.

HAROLD ATKINSON

Lance Corporal 2 01729 1st/5th Bn., The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment
who died on Monday 27 May 1918 .
Son of Mr. J. Atkinson, of 36, Aldrens St., Skerton, Lancaster.

COUIN NEW BRITISH CEMETERY Pas de Calais, France E. 60.

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

Resided at 36 Aldrens Lane Skerton Lancaster A single man Born Lancaster and enlisted in Preston. He served for 12 months at home and 18 months abroad.

Born and lived in Lancaster.Enlisted in Preston.. Died of wounds.

(Source: Soldiers died in the Great War

ALFRED BLEASDALE

Private 507042 King's Shropshire Light Infantry

Secondary Regiment: 543rd Coy Labour Corps.

Died 22 November 1918 Age: 21
Son of William and Mary Bleasdale.

Grave/Memorial Reference: B. RC. 186. Cemetery: LANCASTER CEMETERY

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

.

Pte 507542 of 542 Labour Corps Resided at 14 Lune Street Skerton Lancaster. A single man, served 15 months at home. Died in Queen Mary's Military Hospital of pneumonia

Bleasdale Alfred Private Yorkshire Light Infantry, died at Queen Mary Military Hospital, Whalley, on home service, from an illness, 1918, age 20, educated at Saint Peter's school, employed as a groom at the Remount Depot. Son of Mr & Mrs Wm Bleasdale, 14, Lune Street, Lancaster, his eldest brother William is with the R E in Egypt, and another brother, Private James Griffiths, Northumberland Fusiliers was a POW.

Source Lancaster Guardian date 30, November, 1918 page 3, no photo Code 247 .

RICHARD ERNEST BOLTON

Private 304410 13th Bn., Tank Corps
who died on Thursday 8 August 1918 .

HEATH CEMETERY, HARBONNIERESSomme, France I. E. 2.

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

Resided at 80 Pinfold Lane Skerton Lancaster. A married man He served for years 6 months at home and 4 years abroad.

Born Caton and enlisted in Lancaster.

(Source: Soldiers Died in The Great War)

Bolton Ernest Gunner Tank Corps, killed in action, 8 August, 1918, age 23, wife resident at 80, Pinfold lane, Skerton, educated at Skerton Council school, employed as an attendant at the County Asylum, six brothers in law are serving.

Source Lancaster Guardian date 31, August, 1918 page 3, no photo Code ? 263, 264 .

JAMES BROWN

Private. 2nd Battalion King's own Royal Lancaster Regiment

missing on 20th February 1915, near La Basee, presumed killed in action, age 24.

Educated at St Joseph's school. Enlisted 5 years ago and served in India. His father is an Officer's servant at the (Bowerham) barracks, his brother Albert Edward, 5th Bn KORL Regt has been wounded.

Source Lancaster Guardian 25 march 1916, page 8, photo, Code.

Soldiers Died Entry: Brown James, Private, 10386, 2nd Bn KORL Regt. Born St Peter's Lancaster, enlisted Lancaster, Died 20 02 15. Killed in action, France and Flanders.

JAMES CATHCART

Private 2091 1st/5th Bn., King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regt.)
who died on Tuesday 4 May 1915 . Age 17 .
Son of John and Mary Cathcart, of 97, Dale St., Lancaster. Enlisted 4th Sept., 1914.

YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium Panel 12

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

Resided at 97 Dale Street Lancaster. A single man, he served for 6 months at home and 2 months abroad. Volunteered 6 September 1914

Brother of George below.

Born and enlisted in Lancaster (Source: Soldiers died in the Great War)

Cathcart James Private 5th Battalion Kings Own Royal Lancaster Regiment killed in action age 17, address Cable Street. He and his brother George (447, 448), were among the first twelve to enlist in the 'Pals' (5th Battalion), a member of Mrs Aldous' Choir, the Male Voice Choir and St Peter's Choir, also Bailrigg Cricket Club. Parents Mr and Mrs Cathcart. His grandfather was the late Mr Thomas Dickinson, plumber and glazier, Church Street.

Source Lancaster Observer date 14 May, 1915 page 3 , photo,

See also Lancaster Observer, 21 May, 1915, page 10. Code 446, 450 .

GEORGE CATHCART

Private 2093 1st/5th Bn., King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regt.)
who died on Friday 23 April 1915 . Age 19 .
Son of John and Mary Cathcart, of 97, Dale St., Lancaster. Enlisted 4th Sept.1914

YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium Panel 12

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

Resided at 97 Dale Street Lancaster. A single man, he served for 6 months at home and 2 months abroad. Volunteered 6 September 1914

Brother James above.

Born and enlisted in Lancaster (Source: Soldiers died in the Great War)

Cathcart G Private 2093 5th Battalion Kings Own Royal Lancaster Regiment killed in action 27 April, 1916 at St Jean Ypres, father Mr J Cathcart of the Probate Office, Cable Street, Lancaster.

Source Lancaster Guardian date 27 April, 1916 page 8, photo Code 447, 448 .

Cathcart George F Private 5th Battalion Kings Own Royal Lancaster Regiment Missing on 23 April, 1915 (presumed killed in action), age 20, address Cable Street, Skerton (now in Lancaster),. A member of Bailrigg Cricket club, Mr Aldous' Choir, the Male Voice choir and St Peter's Church choir. Parents, Mr John and Mrs Cathcart. Informant, his brother Private James Cathcart (446, 449) who was advancing with him, when he was lost.

Source Lancaster Observer date 7 May,1915 page 8, also 21 May 1915, page 10, photo 18 June 1915 page 5, 12 November 1915 page 8 Code 447, 448 .

JOSEPH CONNERTON

Private 65562 1st/5th Bn., King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regt.)
who died on Friday 30 November 1917 .

CAMBRAI MEMORIAL, LOUVERVAL Nord, France Panel 3

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

Resided at 37 Clarendon Road Lancaster. A married man, he served for 2 years 6 months at home and 7 months years abroad.

Born Kendal and enlisted in Lancaster. (Source: Soldiers died in the Great War)

Connerton Joseph Private Kings Own Royal Lancaster Regiment killed in action near Cambrai, France, 30 November, 1917, age 37, address, 37, Clarendon Terrace, Skerton, educated at the R.C High School, Kendal, he leaves a widow and four children. Son of Mr & Mrs Joseph Connerton, 55, North Edward Street, Lancaster, the family have been connected with the Border Regiment for four generations. His brother William is believed killed on 16 May 1915, (529 see earlier casrep), another brother Lance Corporal J E Connerton is with the Kings Own Royal Lancaster Regiment.

Source Lancaster Guardian date 22 December, 1917 page 8, photo Code 527, 528 .

ROBERT GEDDES

Private 4464 2nd/5th Bn., King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regt.)
who died on Saturday 9 December 1916 . Age 32 .
Son of Mr. W. Geddes, of 45, Main St., Skerton.

LANCASTER (SKERTON) CEMETERY Lancashire, United Kingdom G. RC. 139.

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

Resided at 45 Main Street Lancaster A single man who served for 9 months at home

Enlisted in Lancaster, died at home. (Source: Soldiers died in the Great War)

Geddes Robert Private Kings Own Royal Lancaster Regiment died in bed at Blackdown Camp 9 December 1916, educated at St Peter's school, employed at White Cross Mills, buried at Skerton, two brothers are serving, Private Moses Kings Own Royal Lancaster Regiment, and Private W Geddes in France.

Source Lancaster Guardian date 23 December, 1916 page 8, photo Code 897 .

LEO HARTLEY

Private, 35703810th Battalion, King's Liverpool Regiment.

Born Lancaster, enlisted Barrow in Furness, residence, Barrow in Furness, Lancs.

Died 31 July 1917 killed in action, France & Flanders.

Source: Soldier's Died in the Great War

(No obit).

MARTIN JOSEPH HERMAN

Private 19502
2nd Bn., East Lancashire Regiment
who died on Tuesday 11 May 1915 . Age 27 .
Son of George E. and Sarah Ann Herman, of 85, Church St., Lancaster.

PLOEGSTEERT MEMORIAL Comines-Warneton, Hainaut, Belgium Panel 5 and 6

No Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form

Herman Jos Private 1st Battalion East Lancashire Regiment killed in action 11 May, 1915, address 46 Main Street Skerton, 'In Memoriam'.

Source Lancaster Guardian date 20 May, 1916 page 6 photo Code 1089 .

Born and enlisted in Lancaster (Source: Soldiers died in the Great War)

CYRIL VINCENT HOLDEN
Private 91868 59th General Hospital, Royal Army Medical Corps
who died on Monday 1 October 1917 . Age 18 .
Son of Edwin Vincent and Margaret Holden, of 30, Aldrens Lane, Lancaster

LONGUENESSE (ST. OMER) SOUVENIR CEMETERY Pas de Calais, France IV. E. 20.
 

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

Resided at 30 Aldrens Lane Lancaster A single man. He served for 3 months at home and 5 months abroad.

Born and enlisted in Lancaster (Source: Soldiers died in the Great War)

JOHN JOSEPH HUNTINGTON

John on the left with his brother Charles who also was killed in the War

Corporal 241201 2nd/5th Bn., King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regt.)
who died on Sunday 1 September 1918 . Age 25 .
Husband of Margaret Waterhouse Huntington, of 72, Broadway, Skerton, Lancaster.

BAC-DU-SUD BRITISH CEMETERY, BAILLEULVAL Pas de Calais, France II. F. 23.

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

Resided at 72 Broadway Lancaster A married man. He served for 2 years at home and 6 months 1 year abroad.

Born and enlisted in Lancaster (Source: Soldiers died in the Great War)

Huntington John Joseph Corporal 2/5th Kings Own Royal Lancaster Regiment wounded and died, 1 September, 1918, age 26, widow resides with her parents at 72, Broadway, Skerton, educated at Skerton Council school, employed at White Cross mills, a brother Private Charles (1222), (see above) has been missing since 27, May, 1918. Two other brothers are serving in France.

Source Lancaster Guardian date 14, September, 1918 page 3, no photo Code 1221, 1223 .

WILLIAM MATTHEWS


Lance Corporal 25820 9th Bn., Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
who died on Monday 3 July 1916 . Age 26 .
Son of Samuel and Ellen Matthews.

THIEPVAL MEMORIAL Somme, France Pier and Face 4 D

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

He was born in St Annes Lancaster and enlisted in Lancaster. He resided at 72 Aldrens Lane Lancaster A single man He served for 9 months at home and 13 months abroad

WILLIAM J MUCKLE

Lance Corporal 17090 35th Bn., Machine Gun Corps (Inf)
who died on Saturday 28 September 1918 . Age 20 .
Son of Henry and Theresa Muckle, of 72, Norfolk St., Skerton, Lancaster.

OXFORD ROAD CEMETERY Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium IV. F. 7.

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

He was born in Skerton and enlisted in Lancaster and resided at 72 Norfolk Street Skerton Lancaster A single man He served for 21/2 years at home and 13 months abroad

THOMAS MULLEN

Private 35292 1st Bn., King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regt.)
who died on Thursday 28 March 1918 .

ARRAS MEMORIAL Pas de Calais, France Bay 2

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

He was born in and enlisted in Lancaster and resided a t 31 Main Street Skerton Lancaster A married man He served for 16 months abroad

PATRICK MURPHY

Private 8872 2nd Battalion KORL Regt,

Born Ancoats, Manchester, enlisted Lancaster,

Killed in action 12 March 1915, France and Flanders (no Obit)

(only one associated with Lancaster of 64 Patrick Murphy's in Soldiers died)

ALBERT NICHOLSON

Private, 15758, 8th Bn Border Regiment.

Born Kendal, Westmoreland, enlisted Kendal, Residence, Milnthorpe, Westmoreland,

Died of wounds 8 9 16, France & Flanders.

The family probably moved to Lancaster from Kendal about the same time as the Connertons, who moved when K Shoes of Kendal built a new factory in Bulk Road, Lancaster (now demolished).

Further corroboration required

not on Lancaster memorial - need to search other books

JOHN NOON

Sergeant 235533, 1st Bn., Lancashire Fusiliers
who died on Saturday, 28/09/1918 .

HOOGE CRATER CEMETERY, Ref: I. I. 17., Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium

2 Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form show:

1. [wife's]. John Noon. Resided at 11 Alexandra Rd, Skerton, Lancaster. Sergeant. 235.533. Lancashire Fusiliers. A married man. He served for 3 years at home and 1 year abroad.. Killed in Action. Widow lives 11 Alexandra Rd., Mrs. C.S. Noon.

2. [mother's] John Noon. Resided late of 20 Aldcliffe Rd, Lancaster. Sergt. Instr. Lancs. Fusiliers. Married. He served for 1 and 3/4 years at home and 2 years abroad.. Killed in France Oct. 1918.

[service periods differ]

John Noon. Sergt. 235533. Lancashire Fusiliers. 1st Bn.
Born, and enlisted in Lancaster
Died 28/09/18. Killed in Action. France & Flanders.

Supp. Notes: Formerly 265257, R. Lancaster Regt.

Source: Soldiers Died in the Great War 1914-1919

Noon John Sergeant Lancashire Fusiliers, killed in action, 28, September, 1918, age 26, wife and child reside at 11, Alexandra Road, Skerton, educated at St Paul's school, employed at Lune Mills, he was a referee in local junior football. Eldest son of Mrs Noon, Aldcliffe Road, Lancaster, his brother Robert, Kings Own Royal Lancaster Regiment is a POW in Germany; and his brother in law, Sam Simpson, is with the Gloucester Regiment.

Source Lancaster Guardian date 26, October, 1918 page 3, no photo Code 1685, 1686 .

FREDERICK PARKINSON

Private 240652 King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) Unit Text: 2nd/5th Bn

Age: 24 Date of Death: 27/03/1918
Son of Elizabeth Newton (formerly Parkinson), of 1, Ross Yard, Cheapside, Lancaster and the late Edward Parkinson. Native of Thurnham, Lancaster.

Grave/Memorial Reference: IV. F. 82. Cemetery: LONGUENESSE (ST. OMER) SOUVENIR CEMETERY

Parkinson F

Private, 240652, 2nd 5th Battalion, King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment, died of wounds at St Omer Hospital, 26th March 1918, age 23, educated at Thurnham & St Peter's Schools, employed at Lune Mills. Son of the late Mr Edward Parkinson of Thurnham, and Mrs Newton of 24, Clarendon Road, Skerton.

Source Lancaster Guardian, date 6 April 1918, page 8, photo, code 1745,

Frederick was born and enlisted in Lancaster. He died of wounds in France.

Source: Soldiers Died in the Great War 1914-1919

JOHN WILLIAM PETTIT

Corporal 740716 King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) 1st/4th Bn.
who died on Thursday, 20/09/1917
Husband of Mrs J W Pettitt of 11 Ruskin Road, Skirton, Lancaster.

TYNE COT MEMORIAL, Ref: Panel 18 to 19., Zonnebeke,
West-Vlaanderen, Belgium

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form shows:

John Wm. Pettitt. Resided at 26 Beaumont Street, Lancaster A married man. Cpl. 240716. 1/4th Bn. K.O.R.L.Regt. He served for 3 years at home and 6 weeks abroad. Killed in Action.

John William Pettitt. Cpl. King's Own [Royal Lancaster] Regt. 1/4th Bn.
Born Diss, Norfolk., and enlisted in Lancaster
Died 20/09/17. Killed in Action. ?France & Flanders.

Source: Soldiers Died in the Great War 1914-1919

[no obit]

THOMAS SLATER

Private 568. 1st/5th Bn. King's Own (Royal Lancaster) Regt.
who died on Friday, 23/04/1915. Age: 39.

YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, Ref: Panel 12., Ieper,
West-Vlaanderen, Belgium

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form Shows:

T. Slater. Resided at 11 Main Street, Lancaster. Pte. 568. 1/5th K.O.R.L.

Killed in Action 23rd April 1915.

Thomas Slater. Private. 568. King's Own [Royal Lancaster] Regt. 1/5th Bn.
Born Garstang, and enlisted in Lancaster.
Died 23/04/1915. Killed in Action, France & Flanders.

Source: Soldiers Died in the Great War 1914-1919

Slater Thomas Private 5th Battalion Kings Own Royal, died of Wounds. age 39, address Black Horse Yard, Skerton, employed at Lune works, also cook to the Battalion for a number of years. His wife Mrs Slater, has five children. A native of Garstang, his parents live in Preston.

Source Lancaster Observer date 7 May,1915 page 3, no photo Code 2079,2081

RICHARD PARKER SMITH

Private 3/10477 Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment) 2nd Bn.
who died on Sunday, 18/04/1915

OOSTTAVERNE WOOD CEMETERY, Ref:VII. G. 1., Heuvelland,
West-Vlaanderen , Belgium

No Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form

Richard Parker Smith. Private. 3/10477. Duke of Wellington's

[West Riding] Regt. 2nd Bn
Born and resided Skipton, Yorks. , and enlisted Halifax.
Died 18/04/15. Killed in Action. France & Flanders.

Source: Soldiers Died in the Great War 1914-1919

Smith R P Private . 2nd Battalion West Riding Regiment killed in action at Hill 60, Ypres, 1915, age 18, address, 5 Bank Road, Skerton educated at St Joseph's school, his mother Mrs Smith has three brothers serving. His brother Lance Corporal Jack Smith 5th Battalion Kings Own Royal Lancaster Regiment is in hospital with wounds.

Source Lancaster Observer date 20,August 1915 page 5, photos of both sons Code 2104, 2098. .

ERNEST F D TURNEY MM

Private 1821 Regiment: Royal Army Medical Corps

Age: 30 Date of Death: 10/11/1920

Awards: Military Medal
Son of John and Julia Turney, of "The Arches," Lancaster; husband of Annie Turney, of 15, Beaumont St., Skerton.

Grave/Memorial Reference: H. RC. 9. Cemetery: LANCASTER (SKERTON) CEMETERY

The grave of EFD Turney in section H, Skerton Cemetery (North
side near the top of the hill).

The grave inscription is as follows :

1821 Private E Turney MM

Royal Army Medical Corps, 10th November 1920, age 30.

The RAMC badge is
inscribed at the top of the CWGC style headstone.

.

THOMAS WALMESLEY

Private 26679, 8th Bn., King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regt.),
who died on Saturday 12 May 1917.

Cemetery: ARRAS MEMORIAL, Pas de Calais, France, Reference Panel Number: Bay 2

Borough of Lancaster Civic Reception H M Forces Report Form Shows:

Address, 9 Pitt St, Lancaster. Single. Length of Service, home - 6 months, abroad – 6 weeks.

Killed in Action. 'The only Son and main support of his Mother'.

Born Lancaster, enlisted Lancaster.

Source: Soldiers Died in the Great War 1914-1919

78] DAWES F

FRANCIS DAWES

Gunner 862151 Royal Artillery 88 Field Regt.
who died on 15/02/1942 Age:22
Son of Christopher Gudgeon Dawes and Rose Dawes, of Skerton, Lancashire.

KRANJI WAR CEMETERY, Ref:.15. C. 16., Singapore

Dawes . T (Sic) (Francis) . Gunner. . Killed in action.

Source Lancaster Guardian, date 10, August, 1945 page 5, Ibid 9, November 1945, page 5, Brother finds his grave in Singapore, photo Code 640, 641. .

Francis DAWES.

Gunner, 862151, 88 Field Regiment, Royal Artillery. Died 15th of February 1942 at Singapore, Malaya; his CWGC grave is at Kranji War Cemetery, Singapore. His Japanese temporary gave was in a wood yard.

In 1945 his brother Christopher (serving in the RAF.), found this grave with the help of a Chinese family and assisted by a Priest, had his body re-interred in its present place.

Educated at the Cathedral school, he formerly worked at Lansil, where his name is recorded on the Lansil Club Memorial. His friends included J.F. Holt and AP. Montgomery, who joined him in sacrifice. Worry concerning Francis may have contributed to his father Christopher Gudgeon Dawes' death. His widowed mother continued to live at Beaumont Place and there received official confirmation of the sad news in 1945. Returning soldiers who were with him when he fell told his family that he was shot only a few hours after Singapore surrendered.

Further Reading: Lancaster Guardian (3.8.45), 'Pool, Piekalkiewicz.

JAMES ANDREW DORAN

Serjeant: 798560 Royal Armoured Corps 14th/20th King's Hussars
who died on 25/08/1941 Age:.31
Son of Isaac and Ann Doran, of Lancaster

BAGHDAD (NORTH GATE) WAR CEMETERY,  Ref:.22. M. 12., Iraq

James Andrew DORAN.

Sergeant, 798560, 14th/20th King's Hussars, Royal Armoured Corps. Died aged 31 years on the Iran-Iraq border East of Kirlruk, during the joint Russian and British invasion of Iran on the 25th of August 1941. His body was moved after the war to a CWGC grave at Baghdad (North gate) Cemetery, Iraq. His name is also inscribed on the family grave in Skerton Cemetery. He grew up on Aldren's Lane attending Saint Joseph's school. His father Isaac and mother Ann later moved to Burnfell Road. His mother's family hired out pleasure boats on the River Lune. Revolution in Iraq Triggered a joint Anglo-Russian military campaign to prevent German domination of the Region. The 14th/20th Hussars using obsolete Vickers Mark II and VI B light tanks, led the 8th (Slim) and 10th (Harvey) Indian Army Divisions which made up two prongs of the joint forces five pronged attack. Iran surrendered after three days fighting on the 28th of August and was divided into Northern (Russian) and Southern (British) zones. The 14th/20th Historian records considerable resistance was encountered, but overcome. If the pro-German Regimes in Iran and Iraq had survived, the Allies may have been denied oil and a supply route to the Soviet Union (now at war with Germany) would have been cut off; possible changing the outcome of the war. Postwar Diplomatic failures in this region resulted in severe instability and the Second Gulf War (1990-91); when several Saint .Joseph's Parishioners fought again to secure a stable oil supply for the 'Vest and remove a Military Despot from Kuwait.

Further Reading: Lancaster Guardian (28.9.41). Terrain pp.339-340. Hiro (1987, 1992) pp. 29 & maps. Royle p.258. Lias p.146. Perret & Hogg pp. 210, 421-422. 14/20th p.37. Pitt. Gilbert. Piekalkiewicz. Sallinger.

PHILIP JAMES DUFFY

Sub-Lieutenant (A) (No Service Number listed) Royal Naval

Volunteer Reserve H.M.S. Glory.
who died on 07/02/1946 Age:.21
Son of Edward and Sarah Duffy, of Lancaster.

LEE-ON-SOLENT MEMORIAL , Ref: Bay 6, Panel 6., Hampshire, England

Duffy . James . Sub-Lieutenant (A) . . RNVR, a fighter pilot, HMS 'Glory', missing presumed killed on exercises in Australian waters, 7, February, 1946, aged 20, educated at Preston Catholic College, a member of Lancaster ATC. Eldest son of Mr & Mrs E Duffy, 60, Penny Street, Lancaster.

Source Lancaster Guardian, date 1, March, 1946 page 5, photo Code 728, 729. .

Philip James Duffy.

Sub-Lieutenant (A) RN.V.R H.M.S. GLORY.

Died 7th of February, 1946, aged 21 years, lost at sea off Jarvis Bay, Australia with his aircraft, his body was not recovered. Memorial, Fleet Air Arm Memorial, Lee- on-Solent, Hampshire.

His parents Edward and Sarah reared him on Aldren's lane and he is remembered as a pupil at Saint Joseph's School and Preston Catholic College. He regularly attended Saint Joseph's, having extensive social and family contacts long after his parents moved first to Morecambe Road, then in 1938, to Penny Street, Lancaster. One of his aunts (Mrs. Julia Simpson of Noel Road), reached the age of 100 in July 1994. He was a keen Air Cadet, one of the earliest enrolled by 345 Sqdn., City of Lancaster AT.C.. Joining the Fleet Air Arm in 1943 he learned to fly in Canada, was Commissioned in 1944 and served as a fighter pilot on the Aircraft Carrier GLORY, (built 1943, and scrapped after service in the Korean War); He was present at the Japanese Commander in Chiefs surrender of New Guinea, Bougainville, and the Solomon Islands, to Australian General Stamdee aboard H.M.S. GLORY on the 10th of August 1945.

Further Reading: Lancaster Guardian (21.9.45, & 1.3.46). Barker, Brown, Smith, Archibald pp. 266-8 272.

THOMAS FINNERTY

Serjeant 3711699 Seaforth Highlanders 2nd Bn.
who died on 12/06/1944 Age:.23
Son of James and Mary Finnerty;
husband of May Finnerty, of Lancaster.

RANVILLE WAR CEMETERY,  Ref:.III. C. 24., France

Finnerty . Lance Sergeant Seaforth Highlanders, killed in action, North West Europe, 12, June, 1944, aged 23. Born at Carlisle Castle, educated at Saint Peter's Cathedral school and Lancaster Technical school, married after service in North Africa on 1 January, 1944, wife, Mrs T Finnerty, Longlands Road, Skerton, serving in the ATS. Second son of Mr & Mrs Finnerty, Hill Road, Skerton, a younger brother aged 21, is serving in Italy.

Source Lancaster Guardian, date 14, July, 1944 page 5, photo Code

Thomas FINNERTY.

Sergeant, 3711699, 2nd. Bn. Seaforth Highlanders, formerly King's Own Royal Regiment and Border Regiment. Died 12th June 1944 aged 23 years, near Ranville, Normandy, France (see also S. Helme). CWGC grave and Headstone is at Ranville Cemetery, Normandy, France; Memorial at Waring and Gillows, Lancaster and the family Headstone in Skerton Cemetery. Married on New Year's Day 1944 while he was home on leave, his wife May (serving in the A. T.S.) lived on Longlands Road. Born in Carlisle of a military family, his father James was ex Sergeant Major in the Border Regiment, and mother, Mary moved first to the Newton Estate then in 1939, to Hill Road. He attended the Cathedral and Technical schools and worked at Waring and Gillows.

Following his father's distinguished career, he joined the Territorial Army, King's Own Royal Regiment at Lancaster, and subsequently transferred to his father's Regiment (Border), then to the Seaforth Highlanders, who formed part of the celebrated 51st Division; serving in North Africa at Alamein and in Sicily. This division were then withdrawn from the Italian Campaign to 'beef up' less experienced units preparing for the D Day invasion (6.6.44) of France.

The Seaforth Highlanders entered Normandy after the first beach landing, being committed to battle with the 51st Highland Division on the 11th of June; at positions held by British paratroopers east of the River Orne. They were quickly repulsed by the Germans while other elements of the division sought to advance southwards towards Sainte Honorine between the 11th and 13th, and were counterattacked by the Germans. Exhausted, drained of men and ammunition owing to congestion on the beaches; the 51st Division and paratroops were forced to a halt. Many of these troops were unhappy at being recalled from leave in England after having 'done their bit' in Africa, and morale was poor in some battle weary units. Many units had been trained only to survive the beach landing, and battle tactics required in Normandy were very different to those used in North Africa. In addition the policy of 'creaming off' the fittest and brightest recruits for various specialist corps. like paratroops, commandos, artillery and engineers, denied the infantry a vital cadre of potential leaders which may have shortened the war by at least a year. Inter-Allied disputes on policy aims and inter-service conflicts over the most effective use of resources contributed also to the high death toll exacted on the troops engaged.

Many commanders were replaced as the landings bogged down in yet another war of attrition. Field Marshall Montgomery, very nearly lost his command, when his optimistic forecasts failed to be achieved, and Major General D.C. Bullen-Smith, commander of the 51st Division was replaced by Major General T.G. Rennie on the 27th of July. British armour was no match for the opposition, and infantry had to learn their craft in the field, which was very costly in lives and materiel. In general co-ordination between the allied infantry, armour, and support arms was vastly inferior to that of a numerically smaller German army totally lacking air support. Montgomery's commanders from the top down to the Non-Commissioned Officers, have been criticised for lack of initiative and overcaution. Undoubtedly some of it is justified, but critics may have forgotten that many excellent N.C.O. 's like Sergeant Thomas Finnerty, paid the price for their courage at an early stage; and the caution of those who survived to win the battle: was probably justified owing to a courageous, disciplined, and well equipped enemy.

Further Reading: Lancaster Guardian (14.7.44). Hastings Map.p.141, pp.153-199, esp, pp.154, 173, & 404. Lamb. Chandler.

SAM HELME

Lance Corporal 1086450 Royal Ulster Rifles 2nd Bn.
who died on.20/06/1945 Age:.29
Son of Richard and Alice Helme;
Husband of Marjorie Helme, of Morecambe, Lancashire.

.REICHSWALD FOREST WAR CEMETERY, Ref:.59. F. 2., Germany

Helme . S . Lance Corporal. . Died in Germany, 1945, address, 22, Langdale Road, Lancaster.

Source Lancaster Guardian, date 6, July, 1945 page 5, photo Code 1086

Samuel HELME.

Lance Corporal, 1086450, Royal Ulster Rifles, from Royal Artillery. Died 20th June 1945 aged 29 years, by drowning, in a river at a displaced person's camp near Gelsenkirchen, Germany; having served at the Normandy landings, Caen, Rhine and Bremen.

The CWGC grave and Headstone were removed at a relative's request, to Reichswald Forest Cemetery, near Nijmegan Holland on the Dutch-German border. Family memorial is at Skerton Cemetery, he is also commemorated on Waring & Gillow's memorial. He was a former Altar Server, worked at Waring and Gillow's and frequently attended Saint Joseph's. His wife Marjorie, lived on Langdale Road, Newton Estate; and his parents Richard and Alice reared him on Captain's Row, later moving to Barleycop Lane.

Considerable disruption among the civilian population in Northern Europe followed the retreat of the German army before the victorious Allies. Law and order ceased to exist, except that imposed by local military commanders, until the new German Democratic states were established in the West, and Communist state in the East. In some respects this may have been a more dangerous period for individual soldiers who were likely to meet up with disgruntled or criminal elements, than when they were in a state of War. It is certain that many lawless acts were committed and went unpunished by the legal authorities.

Further reading. Lancaster Guardian, (6.7.45) Chandler pp.68-70, 134-136, 58-59, 14-15, 26-29,128-130. Ascoli pp.259-260. Hastings pp.47, 123, 116, 348. Lamb. Urwin, esp. Ch.6.

WILLIAM ROBERT HICKS

Gunner 3389242 Royal Artillery 107 H.A.A. Regt.
who died on 29/03/1945 Age: 27
Son of George A. and Elizabeth Hicks, of Lancaster.

.ROOSENDAAL-EN-NISPEN ROMAN CATHOLIC CEMETERY,
 Ref:.Row B. Grave 7.,  Netherlands

Hicks . William Robert . Gunner . . R A died of wounds received on the Western Front, 29, March, 1945, educated at Saint Peter's R C school, employed at Lansil Silk. Wife Mrs M Hicks, and daughters Jean and Maureen, reside at 8, Vale Road, Skerton. Son of Mr & Mrs Geo Hicks, 29, Moor Lane, Lancaster, sister, Jose.

Source Lancaster Guardian, date 6, April, 1945, page 4, ibid, 14, April, 1945 page 4, no photo Code 1108, 1109. .

William Robert HICKS.

Gunner 3389242, 109 Heavy Anti Aircraft Regt. Royal Artillery. Died of wounds, 29th March, 1945, age 27 years. on 'the western front'. C.W.G.C. grave at Roosendaal-en-Nispen Catholic Cemetery, The Netherlands.

His wife Mrs. Mary Hicks and daughters Jean and Maureen lived at 8, Vale Road for several years before his death. His parents Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Hicks lived at 29, Moor lane, Lancaster. He attended the Cathedral School and worked at Lansil before joining the Army, going overseas soon after D. Day (June 6th 1944). He is remembered by a teacher as a member of a large family dependent on their father's clog repair business. His sister Josie Hicks has been an active member of Saint Joseph's congregation for many years, assisting at Jumble sales etc.. His brother Alfred who lives in the Parish has visited the Grave in Holland several times.

(Received too late for the Engraver, to be added after the Consecration). Further Reading: Lancaster Guardian (6.4.45), p.4, & (13.4.45), p.4 (photo.). Lamb.

JOHN NORMAN HINDLE

Sergeant 620185 Royal Air Force 35 Sqdn.
who died on.07/05/1942

.NEUFCHATEAU COMMUNAL CEMETERY, Ref:.Grave 5., Belgium

Hindle . John Norman . Sergeant Flight Engineer. . RAF, missing 7, May 1942, believed killed over Germany, 8 June, 1942, aged 21, a Regular, joined aged 16, educated at St Albans Catholic school and St Mary's Catholic CollegeBlackburn. Son of Mr & Mrs. Richard Hindle, 6, Leyburn Road, Skerton. His father is temporarily employed in the food department At the Town Hall.

Source Lancaster Guardian, date 12, June, 1942 page 5, photo Code 1126. .

John Norman HINDLE.

Sergeant Flight Engineer, 620185, 35 Squadron RA.F. Died 7th of May 1942 age unknown; his CWGC grave lies at Neufchateu Cemetery, Belgium. Following his education at Saint Mary's College, Blackburn, he joined the Royal Air force and his parents moved to Leyburn Road in 1940. Number 35 Squadron flew the earliest Halifax bombers from Linton-on-Ouse and other bases in the North and East of England. Flight Engineers were added to the aircrew of large aircraft like the Halifax and higher flying Lancaster, to assist the pilot. During the strategic air war, important German cities, strategic industries and arms centres were attacked by these bombers. On the 7th of May 1942, 53 RA.F. aircraft dropped 93 tons of bombs on Stuttgart, home of Daimler Benz Engineering, and this may have been 35 Squadron's mission also.

Further Reading; Lancaster Guardian (12.6.42). Piekallilewicz p.433, Cheshire pp.66-68, pp.119 ff.. Terraine pp. 279,288. Halley pp.38-39.

JOHN FRANCIS HOLT

Ordnance Artificer 4th Class D/MX 62802 Royal Navy H.M.S. Repulse
who died on.10/12/1941

.PLYMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL, Ref: Panel 54, Column 3., Devon, England

Holt . John Francis (Jack) . . . HMS 'Repulse', reported missing, 1941, educated at Saint Peter's school, employed by Messrs Waring and Gillow, played football, was a member of 17th Lancaster (St Joseph's) Scout Troop, a member of the ambulance team and won a shield at the Scouts Swimming Gala. Son of Councillor & Mrs T Holt, 39, Green Lane, Skerton.

Source Lancaster Guardian, date 19, December, 1941 page 5, no photo

John Francis HOLT.

Ordnance Artificer Class 4, D/MX 62802, HMS. REPULSE.

Died on the 10th of December 1941, at sea off Kuantan, Malaya; memorial Naval Memorial, Plymouth, and Waring and Gillows, Lancaster. Born in Bury, he was educated at. the Cathedral school and worked as an electrician at Waring and Gillow's. He was formerly a keen member of St Joseph's (17th Lancaster) Scout Troop. His parents, Councillor and Mrs. Tom Holt, lived on Green Lane.

For political reasons the War Cabinet ignored the better judgment of the Admiralty and Ordered the Capital ships PRINCE OF WALES and REPULSE, to intercept Japanese landings in Thailand on the 8th of December 1941, without any effective air cover, and both were subsequently sunk by torpedo carrying aircraft and bombers on the tenth. Over one third of REPULSE's crew of 1,309 were lost (513=39%), and one fifth of PRINCE OF WALES' 1,612 crew (327=20%); mainly owing to defective anti aircraft fire control systems and political ignorance of the realities of air power against surface shipping.

The Battle Cruiser REPULSE was built in 1916. Her armour and armaments were improved in 1920, 1934, and she was refitted in 1936, but a tight armaments budget prevented the installation of a more efficient anti-aircraft control system which may have prevented her sinking in 1941. Military experts point to many similar silly 'economies' today. The lesson still has not been learned that a second rate military asset is a liability.

The misconceived and poorly managed Singapore Blunder condemned thousands of British and Commonwealth Servicemen (and civilians) to a horrific fate in Japanese prisons. However the Japanese attack on Pearl harbour (7.12.41), brought the U.S.A. fully into the war, thus deciding the eventual issue.

Further Reading: Lancaster Guardian (19.12.41). Pool. Chandler pp 131-132. Barnett pp.378 ff, esp. pp. 391-398, 416-426. Piekalkiewicz pp.157-159, 170. Archibald p.184.

KENNETH KEENAN

Serjeant 936360 Royal Artillery 132 (The Glamorgan Yeomanry) Field Regt.
who died on.26/03/1944 Age:.25
Son of Mr. and Mrs. D. Keenan, of Lancaster.

CASSINO WAR CEMETERY,  Ref:.II. D. 10., Italy

Keenan . Ken . Sergeant . . R A, killed in action, Italy, 26, March, 1944, a member of Carnforth Scout Troop, his parents, formerly of Carnforth, now reside at Slyne Road, Skerton.

Source Lancaster Guardian, date 21, April, 1944 page 5, photo Code 1309, 1310. .

Kenneth KEENAN

.Sergeant, 936360, 132nd (The Glamorgan Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery.

Died 26th March 1944 at Cassino, Italy, aged 25 years, having served at Dunkirk, ill North Africa and Sicily. His CWGC grave and Headstone lie in Cassino War Cemetery, Italy.

Carnforth born and unmarried, his girlfriend was in the Land Army. He was a keen Boy and Rover Scout with the 1st Carnforth Scout Troop; an accordionist and accomplished swimmer. Ifis brother Tony, currently trains long distance swimmers for record attempts including a recent three way swim of the English Channel and was awarded a Royal Humane Society bronze medal for saving two people at Grange in January 1945. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. Keenan moved to Newby Drive in the late 1930's and took an active interest in parish affairs.

At this stage of the war the Italians had changed sides, and the Germans were holding the 'Gustav Line' of fortified positions across the spine of Italy, south of Rome. The allies attempted to outflank this line by the landings at Anzio (See J. Prickett), and penetrate it via the strongly

defended Benedictine Monastery at Monte Cassino. Allied bombing of this ancient monastery (15.2.44) has been a source of bitter controversy ever since. Firstly because the Germans claimed it was not being used for military purposes until after the bombing, and secondly because the bombing gave the.Germans an excuse to occupy the site; which was an excellent observation post and provided better cover for the occupying forces; than the complete building. Many Allied veterans hold that the Germans were lying and the bombing did much for the morale of troops who were attacking this immensely strong mediaeval fortress at the top of a steep mountain crag face.

Four bitter battles took place between 17th January and 22nd of May 1944, during which Polish troops cleared the last remnants of German Paratroopers from their foxholes in the ruins of the monastery on the 18th of May; at a total cost of 115,000 Allied and 60,000 German casualties. The Germans began to withdraw on the 17th of May, and could not prevent the Allied break-out from Anzio which brought about the joining of elements of the Cassino attackers with those landing at Anzio on May 31st. . .

Further Reading: Lancaster Guardian (21.4.44,5.1.45). The Tablet

(February, 1994) Chandler. Cheetham pp.129-142 esp. p.136. Lamb pp.19-59.

GEORGE KENNEDY

Mate Regiment: Merchant Navy Unit Text: S.S. Maurita (Lancaster)

Age: 34 Date of Death: 12/11/1941
Husband of Mary C. Kennedy, of Skerton, Lancaster.

Grave/Memorial Reference: Panel 69. Cemetery: TOWER HILL MEMORIAL

GEORGE IS NOT ON A LOCAL MEMORIAL OTHER THAN ST JOSEPHS

The detail below was sent to us by George's Granddaughter Mrs S C Fegan

George Cummings Kennedy -10 Nov 1906 - 12 Nov 1941 Aged 35

Born 10 November 1906 in Motherwell, Scotland to George Cummings Kennedy

and Esther Hughes of Ireland. He served in the 59th Foot, 2nd Battalion, East Lancs. Regiment leaving in 1931. He reached the rank of Corporal; his Army No: 3381158. He boxed for his regiment ( I have a copy of a certificate (left) he gained in 1930 and he was in the winning ream for 'Northern Command Team' in 1930 for which he received a silver medal). I am also sending you a copy of the only photograph I have of George. It was taken when he boxed for his regiment.

He joined the Merchant Navy in 1932, serving on SS Lancaster City and SS Maurita. His ship the Maurita was sunk by a mine off Hilbre Swash, River Dee on 12th Nov 1941. There were no survivors. He was amongst those killed. I have a copy of the details from the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen. I also have a photograph of the ship Lancaster City.(Left)

He married 2 May 1932 to Mary Catherine Doherty in Ireland and had seven children - 4 sons and 3 daughters. His name appears on the Tower Hill Memorial, London for Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleets and now his name has pride of place on the WW2 Memorial in St Joseph's Church, Skerton, Lancaster, which was unveiled 13 Nov 1994. His Grandson, Michael laid the traditional wreath.

George Kennedy Mate, M V. Maurita (199 Tons gross Registered March 1935 at Lancaster, No. 137094), Merchant Navy. Formerly 2nd Bn. East Lancashire Regiment. Died 12th of November 1941 at Hilbre Swash, Dee Estuary, when hit by an enemy mine and lost at sea at Hilbre Swash, Dee Estuary, aged 34 years. Memorial: Merchant Navy Memorial, London.

Born in Motherwell, Scotland, he moved from Pitt Street, Lancaster with his wife Mary Catherine to live with his family on Pinfold lane. His last port of call was Point of Ayr, probably to load coal for the North West. Although Registered in 1935, the 30 Horse Power MAURITA was actually built in 1920 and was probably re-registered at Lancaster when acquired by Robert Gardner of Marsh Point, Lancaster. George Kennedy had served on her as Mate since January 1939, having served the previous year on another Gardner ship, the LANCASTER CITY. These 'Coastal Trade' cargo boats carried a crew of about five: Master, Mate, 1st and 2nd Engineers, an Able Seaman and a cargo which was usually coal, pig iron or grain. Only the Master's body was recovered from the MAURITA. He was probably in the wheelhouse and washed overboard as the ship sank but those below decks may have been killed instantly by the explosion and they were officially registered as 'Supposed Killed'.

An ex-army boxing champion, he was well prepared for a hard and hazardous life working on small cargo ships, which offered scant financial rewards even without the added hazards of war at sea. His lot was shared by many others who were often regarded as 'the lower orders' by those who depended for their sustenance on the skill, dedication and bravery of mariners.

Further Reading: O.H.M.S. Pt.II, p.2S., Edwards. Blond. Barnett. Thomas. Franks.

RICHARD KERNICK

Able Seaman D/JX 336104 Royal Navy H.M.S. President III
who died on 20/03/1943 Age: 20

.PLYMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL, Ref: Panel 79, Column 2., Devon, England

Richard KERNICK. ..

Able Seaman (Stoker), D/JX 336104, RN. S.S. FORT MUMFORD. Died, lost at sea, 20th March 1943, aged 19 years. He was probably a passenger on the troop carrier merchant ship, of 7,132 Gross Tons, which was torpedoed and sunk by a submarine between Columbo and Aden at approximately 10 degrees North, 71 degrees East in the Indian Ocean. A survivor said he was last seen being blown over the side of the ship by the force of the explosion, his body was not recovered. Born in Burnley, he came to live on Richmond Avenue in 1925 as an infant, and attended Saint Joseph's and the Cathedral Schools. His mother Mrs Lilian Kernick had a large family, some of whom continue to live in the Parish. At the time of his death the family had briefly moved to Lime Grove, Marsh. Although he spent some time away from the parish before his death it is assumed he continued his friendships and association with the parish. His parent's moved to Lime Grove in 1939 (when he was 15 years old) and he joined the Royal Navy when he was 17 years old. He worked at Williamson's and was a member of the Home Guard, seeking early release to volunteer for the Royal Navy. His parents moved to Mayfield Avenue in 1946, and then South of the River Lune in 1955, but a brother and two of his sisters still live in St. Joseph's Parish.

(Information received too late for the engraver, to be added later). Further Reading. Lancaster Guardim;s. (21.5. 1943). H.MS.O. part 4, p.47.

ARCHIBALD LEES

Private 14241677 General Service Corps
who died on 03/09/1942 Age:.25
Son of Robert and Emily Lees;
Husband of Joan Lees, of Lancaster.

.LANCASTER (SKERTON) CEMETERY, Ref: Sec. G. R.C. Grave 61., Lancashire, England

Private, 14241677, General Service Corps. Drowned on the 3rd of September, 1942, at Loch Long, Scotland, during exercises; aged 25 years. His CWGC grave and headstone, lie in Skerton Cemetery. Lancaster born, he worked first as a joiner, then as a policeman in Eccles. He and his wife were members of the Red Rose amateur Dramatic Society, and married at the Cathedral in 1941. His wife Joan lived at 91 Halton Road, and followed her mother (Nurse Barker's) career path in Midwifery and Health Visiting. His parents Robert and Emily Lees, lived in Scotforth.

After joining the army in December 1941, he was selected for Potential Officer training with the Commando's at Spean Bridge, Scotland. Rendered unconscious, he drowned in a few inches of water because his companions were under orders not to assist anyone in difficulties.

Further reading: Ascoli p.291. Watney.

MARION LIS

Pilot, 792046, 61 O.T.V. RA.F. (Polish Forces). Died 27th of April 1944, aged 22 years, unable to escape from a falling aircraft in Southern England. He lies under a CWGC Headstone in Skerton Cemetery. His wife Margaret and her widowed mother Mrs. Mary Jane Keegan, lived on Vale Road.

Born in Poland near Poznan, where his parents were Cinema owners, he met his wife at a house party in Wales and they were married at Saint Joseph's in October 1943.

Number 61 O.T.V trained advanced pupil pilots to fly Spitfires at Rednal, South of Wrex ham. Polish Pilots fought many battles (see also RF. Pryzybylski) following Fascist Germany's invasion of Poland in 1939, and Great Britain's consequent declaration of war on Germany. Poles served in 302, 303 and other RA.F. Squadrons.

Further reading: Thomason pp.16, 23-25. Bowyer pp.61, 104, 110, 149. Ashman p.66. Piek3Ikiewicz pp.42-45, Wood & Dempster pp.38, 129, , 162-176

RICHARD MANLEY

Rank: Aircraftman 1277629 2nd Class Regiment: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve

Age: 31 Date of Death: 11/10/1941
Son of John and Mary Manley; husband of Elizabeth Manley, of Skerton, Lancaster.

Grave/Memorial Reference: Sec. H. R.C. Grave 20. Cemetery: LANCASTER (SKERTON) CEMETERY

Aircraftsman Class 2, 1277629,57 O.T.U. RA.F. Died on the 11th of October 1941, aged 31 years (killed by a car in Chester). He lies in Skerton Cemetery in a family grave under a Commonwealth War Graves Commission (hereafter CWGC) Headstone. His wife, Elizabeth lived at 66, Pinfold Lane, and his parents John and Mary at Mount Pleasant farm house (now demolished) on Beaumont Street

As a ground crew member, he serviced Spitfires at Boulmer, Northumberland. Operational Training Units (O.T.U.'s) where training squadrons which drew their instructors from airmen who had completed 'Operational Tours' in front line squadrons, and aircraft were often those which were no longer regarded as suitable for front line squadrons. Unsurprisingly, accidents caused many casualties. In Bomber Command alone these were fifteen percent (8,000) of all casualties. In addition these vulnerable and half-trained crews were expected to fight and supplement or replace fully trained aircrew when the need arose.

ALEXANDER P MONTGOMERY

Lance Corporal 3712593 Corps of Military Police
who died on 13/08/1942 Age:.20

Son of Stanley James Birkett Montgomery and Margaret Teresa Montgomery,
of Ryelands, Lancaster.

EL ALAMEIN WAR CEMETERY,  Ref:XII. E. 1., Egypt

Montgomery . Paul . . . Military Police, died of wounds in the Middle East, 13, August 1942, aged 20, enlisted in 5th King's Own Royal Regiment, educated at Saint Peters Cathedral RC school, employed at Standfast, he played football. Son of Mr & Mrs S Montgomery, 35, Dee Road, Skerton.

Source Lancaster Guardian, date 28, August, 1942 page 5, no photo Code 1603, 1604. .

Alexander Paul MONTGOMERY.

Lance Corporal, 3712593, Corps of Military Police, formerly of The King's Own Royal Regiment.

Died of Wounds on the 13th of August, 1942, aged 20 years; CWGC grave at Alamein War Cemetery, Egypt. Brought up on Broadway, he is remembered as a pupil at Saint Joseph's and the Cathedral schools. His father Stanley James Birkett Montgomery and mother Margaret Teresa Montgomery, moved to live on Dee Road. After the war .they emigrated to New Zealand.

The First Battle of Alamein, fought between the 1st and 22nd of June 1942, halted the axis advance in North Africa and was the base upon which the Allies' secured victory in North Mrica on 13th of May 1943/' Further reading: Pitt. Chandler pp.16-19, Gilbert, Perrett & Hogg pp. 14-16,Terraine pp.370-378. Gray p.1l8.

JAMES PRICKETT

Private 14603725 2nd Bn.Sherwood Foresters (Notts and Derby Regiment)
who died on 8th February 1944 Age: 31

Service No: Additional information:
Son of Richard and Christina Prickett; husband of Margaret Prickett, of Lancaster.

War Dead Grave/Memorial Reference: II, B, 11. Cemetery: ANZIO WAR CEMETERY

(James is not on the Lancaster Memorial. His Son, who now lives in Manchester, is to make contact with Lancaster Town Hall so as to get his name added.)

James PRICKETT.

Private, 1460375, Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire & Derbyshire Regiment).

Died on the 8th of February 1944 at Anzio, Italy aged 31 years, probably during the Defence of Carroceto (7th-10th of February) having served in North Africa and Sicily, with the 8th Army. His CWGC grave and Headstone is at Anzio War Cemetery, Italy.

His parents Richard and Christina Prickett lived at Underbarrow near Kendal, and he worked at Waring and Gillows and as a joiner for several Lancaster building firms whilst living with his wife Margaret and family on Edenvale Crescent.

This attempt to bypass the German defences on the 'Gustav Line', South of Rome; following the collapse of Italian resistance: began on the 22nd of January 1944 with seaborne landings at Anzio. Failure to exploit early superiority by the Allies (owing to priority given to shipping required for 'Operation Overlord' (D.Day 6.6.44, Normandy), allowed the Germans time to seal off the bridge head at Anzio; and this became a war of attrition like the struggle for Monte Cassino to the South (see K. Keenan below). German resistance was eventually overcome after they had established the Gothic defensive line aross Italy North of Florence. The break -out from Anzio came when the Benedictine Monastery at Monte Cassino (whose ruins had become an almost impregnable fortress), fell to the Allies on the 17th of May 1944. Casualties at Anzio have been estimated at 9,200 British, 29,000, American and 35,000 German.

Further Reading: Lancaster Guardian (21.4.44), Cheitham pp.77-89,

95-143, especially map p.99. Chandler pp.20-21, 60-63. Ascoli p.254, Lamb

pp.19-55.

ROMAN F PRYZYBYLSKI

Roman Felicion PRYZYBYLSKI.

Sergeant Pilot, P 2323,61 O.T.U. RA.F., (Polish Forces). Died on the 29th of January 1945 age unknown, CWGC grave and Headstone in Skerton Cemetery. He and his wife Tulip Bush Pryzybylski were married in 1944 and lived at Hindburn Place. Their son (also Roman) is still remembered as a pupil at Saint Joseph's school and the family moved to Hurst green in the 1950's. He probably died in an accident, but nothing further is known about his Service career.

RONALD SMITH

Engine Room Artificer 4th Class P/MX 120719 Royal Navy H.M.S. Enterprise.
who died on 12/09/1943 Age:.23

Son of Thomas and Mary Elizabeth Smith, of Skerton, Lancaster.

LANCASTER CEMETERY, Ref: Grave B. 547., Lancashire, England

Smith . Ronald . Petty Officer . . Died in a Glasgow hospital, 1943, aged 23, educated at Saint Joseph's R C school, Skerton, apprenticed as a fitter at Lune Mills, a keen and accomplished accordianist. Son of Mr & Mrs T Smith, 16, Ryelands Road, Skerton.

Source Lancaster Guardian, date 24, September, 1943 page 5, no photo Code 2098.

Ronald SMITH.

A/Engine Room Artificer, 4th Class, P/MXI20719, H.MS. ENTERPRISE. Died of wounds on the 12th of September 1943, at Glasgow, aged 23 years. He was buried under a CWGC Headstone in Quernmore Road Cemetery Lancaster, on the 18th of September 1943. He was educated at Saint Joseph's school and his father Thomas and mother Polly, lived on Ryelands Road.

H.MS. ENTERPRISE was an E Class Belted Light Cruiser, built in 1919 which had four additional torpedo tubes fitted later, bringing these to a total of 16. She patrolled the Western approaches and the Atlantic, and took part in the sinking of the Vichy French Fleet at Oran (3.7.110). Throughout hostilities, military and Merchant seamen of many nationalities, heroically endured severe hardships and often, a cruel death (see also G. Kennedy).

In May 1943, Germany was forced to withdraw its submarine fleets to home waters, but French based aircraft sank many ships in the Western Approaches until their airfields were overrun following the D. Day landings (6.6.44), where H.MS. ENTERPRISE served off Utah beach supporting the U.S. VII Corps. Fuel shortages in September 1944 resulting from Russian Occupation of Romanian Oil fields and the Strategic Bombing Offensive, curtailed some axis air operations; but the northern route to Russia was infested with German submarines until the end of the war in Europe on the 5th of May, 1945.

Further reading: Lancaster Guardian (24.9.43). Archibald p.212. Chw.chill p.791. Barnett pp.80, 171, 815,839. Chandler pp.33.35. Blond. Thomas, esp. pp. 233 IT.. Piekalkiewicz p.379. Hastings

GERALD EDGAR FRANCIS WOODS-SCAWEN

Sergeant (Pilot) 1190555 Regiment: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve Unit Text: 92 Sqdn.

Age: 19 Date of Death: 03/10/1941

of John Joseph Francis and Rose Woods-Scawen, of Farnborough, Hampshire.

Grave/Memorial Reference: Plot 1. Joint grave 3. Cemetery: NOORDWIJK GENERAL CEMETERY

Gerald Edgar Francis WOODS-SCAWEN.

Sergeant Pilot, 1190555, 92 Squadron RA.F. (V.R). Died on the 3rd of October 1941, aged 19 years, near Noordwijk, Holland. His CWGC Headstone is at Noordwijk, Netherlands. His father John Joseph Francis, and mother Rose, lived at Farnborough in Hampshire. He was the grandson of Mrs. Pegg of Owen Road, and while his parents were abroad attended Lancaster Royal Grammar School, then The Salesian College Farnborough. He is still remembered in this Parish by those who knew him, and one of his best friends (A.P. Montgomery) also made the supreme sacrifice. Prayers for his safety were offered at Saint Joseph's, where he used to attend; on the 19th of October and the press later published his photograph under a headline 'still missing' .

His last mission flying 'offensive sweeps', otherwise known as 'Rhubarbs', ('Circuses' were bomber escorts), probably began at Gravesend, Kent, or Digby Lincolnshire. The squadron was also based at Northolt, Hornchurch, Pembrey, Biggin Hill, and Manston, before it went to North Africa and the Mediterranean Theatre in 1942.

Further Reading: Lancaster Guardian (24.10.41, 21.11.41). Halley p.74. Gray p.84. Bowyer pp.109,133,169. Wood & Dempster pp.30-31. Rawlings pp.219-225.

1967 Those Who Died serving in the Far East.

JOHN BILEWICZ

Christopher John BILEWICZ.

Private, 24074684, King's Own Royal Border Regiment.Died 29th of April, 1967, aged 18 years, at Sharja, Oman; in an accidental explosion. Hismilitary grave is in Bahrain.

A former Altar Server at Saint Joseph's, he was educated at Saint Joseph's and the Cathedral schools. He worked briefly as a salesman before joining the army as a regular soldier. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Edward Bilewicz, lived on Slyne Road.

The First Battalion was based at Bahrain and rotated companies on monthly 'tours' into Aden.

'A' Company were patrolling with live ammunition in Sharja, Oman, when the accident occurred. An ammunition truck may have been involved, according to the press. The Regiment expressed it's condolences to those involved and the Bilewicz family who demanded an Enquiry into the incident. His parents were flown by the Army, to the funeral in Bahrain, and they were presented with an engraved Regimental Crest which is now sited in the church porch on the South wal (see below).

'C' Company withdrew from Aden with the very last troops to leave the former colony, on the 29th of November, 1967. Total British casualties included 700 wounded and 60 dead.

Further Reading. The Lion and The Dragon, (September 1967). Lancaster Guardian (5.5.67, 14.7.67,25.8.67,3.11.67, 1.12.67. Holden p.2287.

MARK MAXWELL

Mark Maxwell, , member of the 7th Signal Regiment, age 22 Residence Greenset Close, Lancaster, found shot dead in his barracks in Sarajevo, Bosnia on Christmas Eve, 1995. Son of a Drum Major in the King's Own Border Regiment. A former junior soldier, he was a member of the army cross country team. He was said to have an outgoing personality, and was a fun loving and loved his dogs. He was a committed 'first class' soldier said his commanding officer.

A report in the Lancaster Guardian 2 August 1996, page 7 includes a photo, giving the inquest verdict which cleared him of suicide or foul play, the coroner recorded an 'open verdict'

Bibliography. (Published London, unless othenvise stated)

14th/20th King's Hussars, A short History 1715-1950, (c.1950), Gale & Polden, Aldershot.

Encyclopaedia Brittannica, (1957), Vol. 23.

ARCHIBALD KH.H-, The Fighting Ship in the Royal Navy, (1972), Blandford, Pool.

ASCOU D., A Companion to the British Army, (1983), Harrap.

ASHMAN RV., Spitfire Against the Odds, Memoirs of a Fighter Pilot, (1989), P. Stephens, Wellingborough.

BARKER Ray, Victorious the World Over, (1991), Square One.

BARNETT C., Engage the Enemy More Closely, (1991), Hodder.

BLACK KL. (Ed.), 1914-1981 in Poetry, (1977), Hodder & Stoughton.

BLOND Georges, Ordeal Below Zero, (1987), Chivers Press, Bath.

BOWYER MICHAEL J.F., The Battle of Britain, (1990): also, Aircraft for the Few, (1991), both P. Stephens, Wellingborough and SparIrord, Yeovil.

BROWN David, Carrier Operations in World War n, Vol. 1, The Royal Navy, (1974), Ian Allan.

CHANDLER David G., Battles and Battlescenes World War 2, (1989), Arms and Armour.

CHEETHAM A.M., Ubique, (1987), Freshfield, Formby.

CHESHIRE Group Captain Leonard, Bomber Pilot, (1943, 1979), Goodall. Written when the author was serving in 35 Squadron RA.F. (see .J.N. Hindle).

CHURCHILL Winston S., The Second World War, 2. Vols., (1959, 1989), Book IV 1943- 1945, Penguin.

EDWARDS Bernard, The Merchant Navy Goes to War, (1990), Hale.

FRANKS Norman, Conflict over the Bay, (1986), Kimber.

GILBERT Adrian, The Imperial War Museum Book of the Desert War, (1992), Sidgwick and Jackson. GRAY, Group Captain c., Spitfire Patrol, (1990), Hutchinson.

HALLEY J.J., Royal Air Force Unit Histories, Vol. 1, (1969), Air Britain, Brentwood.

HASTINGS Max, Overlord. (1989), Michael Joseph.

IDRO Dilip, Iran Under The Ayatollahs, (1987), Routledge, also,

Desert Shield to Desert Storm, The Second Gulf War, (1992), Paladin. H.M.S.O. (Reprint), British Vessels Lost at Sea 1939-45, (1977), P. Stephens, Cambridge.

HOLDEN G. in The British Empire, (1972), BBC TV Time Life.

LAMB Richard, Montgomery in Europe 1943-45, (1987), Bucham and Enright. LIAS Godfrey, Glubb's Legion, (1956), Evans Bros..

PERRETT Bryan and HOGG Ian, Encyclopedia of the Second World War, (1989), Longman. PIEKALKIEWlCZ Janusz, The Air War, (1985), Blandford, Pool.

PITT Barrie, The Crucible of War 1 Wavel\'s Command, (1980, 1986), Papermac.

POOL Richard, Course for Disaster, (1987), Leo Cooper.

PRICE Alfred, Spitfire, (1991), Bookmart, Enderley, Leics.

'RAWLINGS J., Fighter Squadrons of the R.A.F. and their Aircraft, (1976), Macdonald and Janes. ROYLE Trevor, Glubb Pasha, (1992), Littlebrown.

SALINGER Pierre with LAURENT Eric, Secret Dossier The ffidden Agenda Behind the Gulf War, (1991), Penguin, Harmondsworth.

SA \VYER Group Captain Tom, Only Owls and Bloody Fools Fly at Night, (1985, 1991), Goodall. He served in 35 Squadron RA.F.. SMITH Peter c., Task Force 57: The British Pacific Fleet, 1944-1945, (1969), Kimber.

TERRATh'E John, The Right of the Line (1985), Hodder.

THOMAS David A., The Atlantic Star 1939-45, (1990), W.H. Allen. THOMASON Eric, Whirlwind Squadron, (1988), William Kimber.

URWIN Derek \V., Western Europe since 1945, a Political History, (1989), Longman.

V AT Dan Van der, The Atlantic Campaign, (1988), Hodder.

W A TNEY J., The Royal Marine Commandos Fitness & SurVival Skills, (1987), David and Charles. WHITING C. Britain Under Fire, (1986), Century Hutchinson

WOOD Derek and DEMPSTER Derek, A Summer for Heroes, (1990), Airlife.

Summary.

Name / Died / Age / Rank / Regiment or Service / Grave site / Local Address.

J.A. Doran 125.8.411 311 Sgt. 1 14/20th King's Royal Hussars 1 Baghdad 1 BumfelL Rd.

G.E.F. Woods-Scawen 13.10.41/19/ Sgt. /92 Sqdn. RAF. / Noordwijk, Netherlands / Owen Road.

R. Manley 111.10.41/311 AC2 157, O.T.U. RAF. 1 Skerton 1 Pin fold Lane.

G. Kennedy 112.11.41/34/ Mate 1 Merchant Navy, M.V. MAURITA 1 Sea, Hilbre Swash, off Cheshire 1 Pin fold Lane.

J.F. Holt /10.12.411 - 1 Artificer / ILM.S. REPULSE / Sea, off Kuantan, Malaya / Green Lane.

F. Dawes / 15.2.42 / 22 / Gnr. / 88 Field Regt. Royal Artillery / Kranji, Singapore 1 Beaumont Place.

J.N. Hindle /7.5.4~J -/ Sgt. /35 Sqdn. RAF. / Neufchateaeu, Belgium / Leyburn Rd..jO

A.P. Montgomeryn 20/ Cpl. / Corps of Military Police I.Alamein, Egypt / Dee Road. 13!1/11fL

A. Lees / 3.9.42 /25 1 Pte. / General Service Corps. / Skerton / Halton Road.

R. Kernick /20.3.43 /19 / A.B. / Royal Navy aboard S.S. FORT MUMFORD / Sea off Maldives, Indian Ocean / Richmond Avenue.

R. Smith / 12.9.43 /23 / Artificer / ILM.S. ENTERPRISE / Lancaster / Ryelands Road.

J. Prickett 1 8.2.44 131 1 Pte. / Sherwood Foresters Regt. 1 Anzio, Italy 1 Edenvale Crescent.

K. Keenan / 26.3.44 / 25 / Sgt. /132 Field Regt. Royal Artillery / Cassino, Italy / Newby Drive.

M. Lis / 27.4.44 1 22 1 Sgt. 1 61 O. T. U. RAF. (polish) / Skerton I Vale Road.

T. Finnerty /12.6.44 /23 / Sgt. / Sea forth Highlanders Regt. / Ranville, Normandy, France / Longlands Road.

R.F. Pryzybylski /29.1.45 1 -/ Sgt. /61 O.T.U. RAF. (Polish) / Skerton / Hindburn Place.

W.R. Hicks / 29.3.45/27/ Gnr. /109 Heavy A.A. Regt. Royal Artillery / Roosendaal-en-Nispen, Netherlands / Vale Road.

S. Helme / 20.6.45 / 29 / L.Cpl. 1 Royal Ulster Rines 1 Riechswald, Germany / Captain's Row.

P.J. Duffy / 7.2.46 / 21/ Sub. Lt. / ILM.S. GLORY / Sea, off Jarvi~ Bay, S.E. Australia / Morecambe Road.

C.J. Bilewicz / 29.4.67 /18 / Pte. / King's Own Border Regt. / Bahrain / Slyne Road.

Thank You

This book was presented to the parish on Sunday, 6th March 2005. We chose this day in particular because it happened to be mid-Lent Sunday and also Mothering Sunday. The celebration was also Family Mass, where the church was full and particularly lively with young children.

To watch such a scene of young and old together, families and friends, regulars and visitors, we could only have "thank you" on our lips. "Thank you" to the young men and women of past years who gave their lives in wartime so that we may live in freedom and peace. Only a few years before their deaths, they themselves would have been the children of St. Joseph's. Their mums would have held them close during the Mother's Day Mass, unaware at that moment of the sacrifice their children would make in the years to come.

It is with humble pride and eternal thanksgiving that the parish of St. Joseph's receives this Book of Honour from the generosity of the Lancaster Military Heritage Group in memory of our fallen.

 

Father Andrew Broster
Parish Priest

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